Leeds History plus UK Major Events: 1649 1727

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A History of Britain Volume 2: 1603 1776
Simon Schama

Oliver Cromwell 1649 58

Cromwell, Our Chief of Men

Richard Cromwell 1658 59

House of Stuart
Charles II 1660 85

King Charles II

1662 A new Royal Charter granted by Charles II
1664 Parish Church, almes houses, vicarage and free school built by John Harrison, a rich clothing merchant.
1684 Market moves from Leeds bridge to Briggate below Kirkgate. The market in Briggate was the biggest in Yorkshire and really took off when the Tuesday and Saturday Cloth markets moved into Briggate's\ lower end. The wool trade is big business and Leeds becomes a very wealthy town

James II 1685 88

Mary II 1689 1694
William III 1689 1702

1698 A description of Leeds by Celia Fiennes
1699 The Aire and Calder Navigation canal built. The River Aire is navigable from Leeds Bridge down to the Ouse and North Sea


Anne 1702 14

17 18th Century

Fletland Mill built in call lane. Magnificently renovated and converted to a hotel "42 The Calls" and Brasserie. 

1711 Moot Hall rebuilt in the Centre of Briggate. Used as a court house

House of Hanover
George I 1714 27

18th Century

The Wool Industry is the main income provider, but Leeds diversifies into many other industries.

Briggate the main road was wide below Kirkgate, this was where the market was held, and also a pillory and stocks used until 1837. Above Kirkgate buildings were in the centre of the road.

By the end of the century most of the woods to the North of Leeds had been cut down and converted to arable land.

Woodhouse and Little Woodhouse were very small villages

Quarry Hill had Spar Wells

1714 A wealthy cloth merchant has his house and Queens Court built, the court is probably the finest surviving example of the old courts of Leeds. The entire northern side os the court is now Queens Court bar and Loft nightclubon one side and Fibre nightclub near the entrance on the other
1715 The first published history of Leeds Ralph Thoresby, the city's most famous historian, Ducatus Leodiensis
1718 The first newspaper Leeds Mercury newspaper appeared.
1721 Holy Holy Trinity Church built
1724 A description by Daniel Defoe. Mentions that "Leeds is a large wealthy and populous town. It stands on both sidesof the river Aire, and the whole is joined by a stately and prodigigiously strong Stone Bridge, so large and wide, that formerly the Cloth Market was kept, on the very bridge itself"
1725ish The first published map by John Cossins named 'A New and Exact Plan of the Town of Leedes' shows an illustration of Trinity Church
1726 The first public concert takes place in the Assembly Rooms in Kirkgate.

History Pages Menu

Time Period
Major Events
Early 1216 Edward the Confessor  Harold II.   William I (the Conqueror).   William II .    Henry I .   Stephen. Matilda.   Henry II.   Richard I the Lionheart.   John

Viking, Roman and Saxon Eras
Battle of Hastings 1066
Magna Carta 1215.

1216 1471 Henry III.   Edward I. II. III.   Richard II.    Henry IV. V. VI  
1461 1649 Edward IV. V.   Richard III.   Henry VII. VIII.    Edward VI.   Lady Jane Grey.   Mary I.   Elizabeth I the Virgin Queen .   James I.   Charles I The Armarda 1588. & the Golden Years 
Gunpowder Plot 1605
Civil War 1642–48.
1625 1727 Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector.   Richard Cromwell.   Charles II.    Mary II.   William III.  Anne.   George I    The republic
1727 1837 George II. III. IV.   William IV  
1837 1901 Victoria Crimean War 1854 56.   Boer War 1899 1902
1901 1936 Edward VII.   George V.   Edward VIII 1st World War 1914-1918
1936 1952 George VI 2nd World War 1939-1945
1952 now Elizabeth II Falklands War 1982.
Gulf War on January 9 1996.
Gulf War II week one March 19. 2003.



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