Leeds History plus Uk Major Events:     Early 1216

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Origins of the name Leeds

The Celtic British tribe called the Brigantes were also known as Leods or Ludees. A possible starting point for:
Loidis Ledes Leedes then Leeds. Natives of Leeds are known as Loiners

Viking, Roman and Saxon Eras

What the Romans Did for Us      The Anglo-Saxons     From the Vikings to the Normans (Short Oxford History of the British Isles)     Roman Britain and Early England 55 B.C. - A.D. 871 (The Norton Library History of England)  

  Viking Age England    Roman Britain (Lancaster Pamphlets)

55BC 51AD

At he time of the Roman invasion of Britain, the area around current day Leeds was occupied by a Celtic British tribe called the Brigantes. They had a stong point at Caer Loid Coit (Leeds) guarding the Aire passage. The area between the Aire and the Wharfe was known as Elmet.

Other strong points consisting of trenches and earth works were at Barwick in Elmet and Aberford. Cock Beck forming a defensive line, Allthes defences were facing South. Most of the area was swamp and fenland. The defences were at points giving North / South routes.

This suggests they were built to resist the Romans. The Angles and Danes came from the East tending to use boats along the rivers, or across the Wolds of East Yorkshire.

The Romans built a road between Chester, Ilkley to Adel in Leeds, where a Roman Camp was established, and on to Thorner

Elmet wa an area of desolate moorland. Swillington, Garforth, Whinmoor, Bramham Aldwoodley, Eccup and Adel were all moors, swampland and morasses

7th Century King Edwin 616 633, a Bernicia and Deika (Northumbria and Yorkshire area) King, established a residence in what is now Leeds. Building up to a small Saxon village
731 The area of Loidis was a county seat. Later Ledes became the first corruption of this, later still became Leedes then Leeds. Natives of Leeds are known as Loiners
937 The battle of Brunanburgh. Though to have been near Wharfedale

Edward the Confessor 1042 66

Born in Islip, Oxfordshire, England 1002. His mother was a Norman, and he lived in Normandy (1016 41) and aquired Norman "affinity" which produced great displeasure among the Saxon nobles.

Edward's greatest achievement was the construction of a new cathedral, 'Westminster' where virtually all English monarchs from William the Conqueror onward would be crowned. It was not built in London  but to the west of the city hence the name.

On his deathbed, the Confessor named Harold as his successor, overlooking the rightful heir, Edgar the Ætheling, and ignoring a promise that he allegedly made (according to French sources) to William of Normandy, this ultimately led to the Norman conquest later that year.

Harold II, Godwinsson 1066

Harold: the Last Anglo-Saxon King


Harold II defeated the forces of his traitorous brother and the King of Norway at the battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire on the 25th of September 1066.

On the 28th William of Normandy and his Normans landed on the south coast. Harold marched south to battle with the Normans and was defeated by William at the battle of Hastings 1066

Harold II  was the last monarch of England to suffer defeat at the hands of a foreign invader.

House of Normandy
William I (the Conqueror) 1066 87



   The Battle of Hastings 1066  
    Battle of Hastings 1066      The Normans and the Norman Conquest       William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact Upon England

The start of the Norman era.  The buiding of originally wooded motte and baily castles, later replaced by magnificent stone castles with there typical square stone keeps.

Many french words were introduced into the English language. Many of these words were in the food and cooking deptment.

1066 Leeds was a village, based on farming and centred around Leeds Bridge. The main roads being "Bridge Gate" (Briggate), Burgh Lane (Boar Lane) where the manor house was situated, and Kirk Gate leading to the church.

William II 1087 1100

Domesday: A Search for the Roots of England       England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075-1225

Doomsday Book recorded a settlement supporting 35 farming families, a priest, church, mill and several surrounding hamlets. The main area being around the parish church.

The Domesday Book
The Domesday Book was described by David Hume as “the most valuable piece of antiquity possessed by any nation”. Compiled in an astonishing eight months the book was a complete audit of England in 1086 and it confirmed the redistribution of lands and property to the Norman friends of William

The conquest of England , by the Normans vitually finished the Kingdom of Elmet

1089 Leeds Castle thought to be a fortified manor house known as a burh built in Mill Hill. The lane leading to the burgh from the village was Burh Lane (Boar Lane). There are no plans or trace of the castle. In 1341 a report talks about the site of a manor house with a moat.
1086 Doomsday Book recorded a settlement supporting 35 farming families, a priest, church, mill and several surrounding hamlets. The main area being around the parish church.

1100 35 Henry I

Stephen 1135 54
Matilda 1141

The Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154     The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English   

Stephen and Matilda: The Civil War of 1139 53 (History)   075090612X

1139 King Stephen lays siege to Leeds Castle
1152 Kirkstall Abbey was started

House of Plantagenet Angevin
Henry II 1154 89

The Angevin Empire stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees. It was ruled by a succession of princes Henry II, Richard I and John who could claim to be the most powerful rulers in Western Europe.

Henry II (Yale English Monarchs)     The Angevin Empire

Richard I the Lionheart 1189 99

Richard the Lionheart: The Mighty Crusader (Great Commanders)     Richard I (Yale English Monarchs)

John 1199 1216

Magna Carta     1215: The Year of Magna Carta [AUDIOBOOK]     Magna Carta  
   King John: New Interpretations     King John (Yale English Monarchs)

History Pages Menu

Time Period
Major Events
Early 1216 Edward the Confessor  Harold II.   William I (the Conqueror).   William II .    Henry I .   Stephen. Matilda.   Henry II.   Richard I the Lionheart.   John

Viking, Roman and Saxon Eras
Battle of Hastings 1066
Magna Carta 1215.

1216 1471 Henry III.   Edward I. II. III.   Richard II.    Henry IV. V. VI  
1461 1649 Edward IV. V.   Richard III.   Henry VII. VIII.    Edward VI.   Lady Jane Grey.   Mary I.   Elizabeth I the Virgin Queen .   James I.   Charles I The Armarda 1588. & the Golden Years 
Gunpowder Plot 1605
Civil War 1642–48.
1625 1727 Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector.   Richard Cromwell.   Charles II.    Mary II.   William III.  Anne.   George I    The republic
1727 1837 George II. III. IV.   William IV  
1837 1901 Victoria Crimean War 1854 56.   Boer War 1899 1902
1901 1936 Edward VII.   George V.   Edward VIII 1st World War 1914-1918
1936 1952 George VI 2nd World War 1939-1945
1952 now Elizabeth II Falklands War 1982.
Gulf War on January 9 1996.
Gulf War II week one March 19. 2003.


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