Leeds History plus Major Events: 1727 1835

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House of Hanover cont.

George II 1727 60

1727 Holy Trinity Church opened in Buhr Lane (Boar Lane)
1730 Leeds Bridge widened
1750 Before this date the area West of the bar on Buhr Lane (Boar Lane) i.e. the station, City Square, Park Row was open fields
1753 Turnpike riots. Rioters objecting to turnpike charges attack the Old Kings Arm tavern, frequented by turnpike commissioners and Magistrates. Troops quell the riot after shooting 8 rioters. The Old Kings Arm tavern was also known to hold cock fights,
1754 The Leeds Intelligence newspaper appeared, later to become Yorkshire Post
1755 Street lighting was introduced in the form of oil lamps.
1756 8 The massive Coloured Cloth Hall built for the trade that made Leeds Great. On the site that is now city Square and the General Post Office.
1758 The Middleton Colliery Railway, claims to be the oldest railway in the world. More

George III 1760 1820

George III was born on 4 June 1738 in London, the eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe Gotha. He became heir to the throne on the death of his father in 1751, succeeding his grandfather, George II, in 1760. He was the third Hanoverian monarch and the first one to be born in England and to use English as his first language. George III purchased Buckingham House in in 1761, later to be enlarged to Buckingham palace by George IV.

George III, was the longest reigning king in British History.  He suffered from an illness. At the time he was thought to be mad. Medical historians think the illness was a hereditary physical disorder called porphyria that produced toxins in his body.


1760 Leeds Bridge widened again
1763 American War of Independence
1765 The 1st General Infirmary opened in Kirkgate.
1768 Leeds Library built.
1768 2nd General Infirmary built in the country side just to the North West of the present City square hence Infirmary Street.
Leeds and Liverpool Canal is being built.
Completed 1816
1771 The New Theatre, Hunslet Lane, the first theatre in Leeds
1773 The lockside warehouse built
  The town was never exclusively a wool town, craft industries of pottery making, linen manufacture, printing and engineering are developing. Industries locate in the borough because of cheap coal, good manufacturing facilities and very cheap transport the 2 canals and the Middleton Colliery Railway which enabled raw materials to be brought cheaply in bulk to the town.
1775 Coloured Cloth Hall built in the Calls
1776 The first infirmary was opened.

Stone warehouse used to store grain, designed by Robert Owen, an engineer with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal built at Granary Wharf
1777 The Assembly Rooms built for Balls dancing, and card playing. Now the building situated in the Exchange Quarter contain a restaurant and a night club.
1780's The building of the 1st two story"back to back" terraced streets to house the growing labour force,. Built in York Street and Quarry Hill.
1783 The first coach to operate from The Rose and Crown (demolished in 1889) was the Defiance running between Leeds and Hull.

Benjamin Gott builds the massive Bean Ing Mills  (site of Yorkshire Post). See display in Armley Mills Museum

John Marshall 0pens a flax mill in Holbeck.


1794 The Music Hall in Albion Street opens
1796 Leeds Bridge widened once more
!800 Coaching started at the Bull and Mouth, Briggate (Demolished in 1939 for an extension to Woolworth's Store)
1801 First census. Population just over 50,000. Leeds is the 5th largest town, surpassed by: Bristol, Birmingham, Liverpool and Manchester. Up to the late 17th century Leeds was quiet small with a population less than York or Hull. Many poorer built houses are rapidly being built, leading to dirty streets and to the doubling of the population within the next 30 years, and doubling again in the following 30 years.
1803 Mary Bateman poisoned 3 people and then robbed there house and drapers shop at Quarry Hill. After her hanging 6 years later she was publicly dissected. Her skeleton can be seen in the Thackrey museum
1808 Leeds Library opens in Commercial Street
1812 Matthew Murray built the first successful steam engine at his Hunslet works in south Leeds. The Middleton Colliery Railway becomes steam powered. More
1813 The Old Kings Arm tavern closed (See 1753)
1816 Completion of the Leeds Liverpool canal
1819 Gas lighting replacing oil lamp street lighting

George IV 1820 30

1822 Joshua Tetley buys a brewery from his friend William Sykes.
1827 The Navigation Warehouse built behind the present day New Penny pub, on the quay side of the “port” of Leeds. It's grand basement arches still visible under the modern built flats.

William IV 1830 37

1831 Leeds School of Medicine founded
1832 Cholera epidemic killing 700 caused by unsanitary conditions, mainly in the poorer overcrowded areas of the town.
1834 Railway built to Selby
1835 The Municipal Reform Act allowed the first elected council to take office.



History Pages Menu

Time Period
Major Events
Early 1216 Edward the Confessor  Harold II.   William I (the Conqueror).   William II .    Henry I .   Stephen. Matilda.   Henry II.   Richard I the Lionheart.   John

Viking, Roman and Saxon Eras
Battle of Hastings 1066
Magna Carta 1215.

1216 1471 Henry III.   Edward I. II. III.   Richard II.    Henry IV. V. VI  
1461 1649 Edward IV. V.   Richard III.   Henry VII. VIII.    Edward VI.   Lady Jane Grey.   Mary I.   Elizabeth I the Virgin Queen .   James I.   Charles I The Armarda 1588. & the Golden Years 
Gunpowder Plot 1605
Civil War 1642–48.
1625 1727 Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector.   Richard Cromwell.   Charles II.    Mary II.   William III.  Anne.   George I    The republic
1727 1837 George II. III. IV.   William IV  
1837 1901 Victoria Crimean War 1854 56.   Boer War 1899 1902
1901 1936 Edward VII.   George V.   Edward VIII 1st World War 1914-1918
1936 1952 George VI 2nd World War 1939-1945
1952 now Elizabeth II Falklands War 1982.
Gulf War on January 9 1996.
Gulf War II week one March 19. 2003.





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